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for Joyce Arthur's Debate Presentation at Queen's University on Oct 1, 2011 (Health & Human Rights Conference)

Importance of safe abortion for global maternal health strategies

United Nations Special Rapporteur. Right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health. August 3. 2011

Cran, Barbara B. and Charlotte E. Hord Smith (Ipas). Access to Safe Abortion: An Essential Strategy for Achieving the Millennium Development Goals to Improve Maternal Health, Promote Gender Equality, and Reduce Poverty. February 2006. UN Millennium Project.

IPAS. The Abortion Ban in U.S. Foreign Assistance: How U.S. Policy Obstructs Efforts to Save Women’s Lives. 2009.

Skuster, Patty. Repealing the Global Gag Rule Is Only the First Step. AlterNet. January 13, 2009.

IPAS. The Global Gag Rule harms democracy, women and U.S. interests abroad. August 2007.

Population Action International. How the Global Gag Rule Undermines U.S. Foreign Policy and Harms Women’s Health. June 2010. 

Global statistics and information on unsafe abortion / maternal mortality:

IPPF. The health dangers of unsafe abortion. N.d.

BBC, Bans 'do not cut abortion rate' October 13, 2009.

Laura Gil, Assessing maternal mortality due to induced abortion: A systematic review of the literature, 2004. Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research.

Guttmacher Institute. Facts on Induced Abortion Worldwide. February 2011.

Guttmacher Institute (Singh S. et al). Abortion Worldwide: A Decade of Uneven Progress. 2009.

Hogan, M, K.J.Foreman, M.Naghavi, S.Y.Ahn, M.Wang, S.M.Makela, A.D.Lopez, R.Lozano, C.J.L. Murray. Maternal mortality for 181 countries, 1980-2008: a systematic analysis of progress towards Millennium Development Goal 5. April 12, 2010. The Lancet.

U Högberg, I Joelsson. The Decline in Maternal Mortality in Sweden. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica. 1985, Vol. 64, No. 7, pp 583-592. 1931–1980.

International Planned Parenthood Federation. Unsafe abortions: eight maternal deaths every hour. Oct. 19, 2009. [India]

S Jayachandran et al. Modern Medicine and the 20th Century Decline in Mortality: Evidence on the Impact of Sulfa Drugs. National Bureau of Economic Research, NBER Working Paper No. 15089. June 2009.

KO Rogo et al. Maternal Mortality. National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). 2006.

Lozano R, Wang H, Foreman KJ, Rajaratnam JK, Naghavi M, Marcus JR, Dwyer-Lindgren L, Lofgren KT, Phillips D, Atkinson C, Lopez AD, Murray CJL. Progress towards Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5 on maternal and child mortality: an updated systematic analysis. The Lancet. 2011; 378:1139-1165.

Shah, Iqbal, Elisabeth Ahman. Unsafe abortion in 2008: global and regional levels and trends. 2010. Reproductive Health Matters. 18(36):90-101.

World Health Organization (DA Grimes et al). Unsafe Abortion: The Preventable Pandemic. October 2006.

World Health Organization, Unsafe abortion: global and regional estimates of incidence of unsafe abortion and associated mortality in 2003, Fifth edition. 2007.

Ireland and Poland / Abortion Tourism:

Irish Family Planning Association. IFPA Responds to Latest UK Abortion Stats. May 21 2009.

Safe and Legal In Ireland. Abortion in Context.

Ian Traynor. Women challenge Irish abortion ban in European court. The Guardian. Dec. 9, 2009.

Polish Federation for Women and Family Planning. The Effects of the Anti-Abortion Law in Force in Poland since March 16, 1993. Report No 2, February 1996.

Poland Point. Dawn of the Abortion Tourism. Nov 19, 2008.

Center for Reproductive Rights. Tysiac v. Poland (European Court of Human Rights). March 20, 2007.

Marcy Bloom. “Abortion Tourism" Sheds Light on the Need for Health Care Access. Feb. 25, 2008.

Chile, Guyana, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Philippines:

World Health Organization. Mortality Country Fact Sheet 2006 (Chile).

Donoso S., Enrique Mortalidad Materna en Chile, 2000-2004. Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología. 71(4):246-251. 2006.

World Health Organization. Making abortions safe: a matter of good public health policy and practice. Bulletin of the WHO. Vol.78, No.5. 2000. [Guyana]

Pan American Health Organization. Maternal and Child Health [in Guyana]. N.d.

UNICEF. Statistics for Guyana. 2009.

International Women’s Health Program. Guyana at a Glance. 2009.

Ministerio de Salud Pública y Asistencia Social. Linea de Base de Mortalidad Materna en El Salvador: Junio 2005 – Mayo 2006 (Grafico No. 12, pg 47).

UNICEF. At a glance: El Salvador. 2009.

José Adán Silva. RIGHTS: Nicaragua Refuses to Discuss Therapeutic Abortion. Inter Press Service News Agency. Feb. 15, 2010.

Amnesty International. Shocking abortion ban denies life-saving treatment to girls and women in Nicaragua. 27 July 2009.

Amnesty International. Governments urged to condemn Nicaragua abortion ban. Feb. 4, 2010.  

Center for Reproductive Rights. New Report Links Philippines Abortion Law to Human Rights Abuses. 08-02-2010.

Center for Reproductive Rights. Forsaken Lives: The Harmful Impact of the Philippine Criminal Abortion Ban. 2010.

Ghana, Cambodia, Zambia, South Africa, India, Malaysia, Nepal :

Mack, Jessica. Institutionalized Stigma in Ghana. September 21, 2011.

People’s Daily Online. Unsafe abortion threatens Cambodian women: report. Nov. 3, 2006.

Fetters, T. and G.Samandari. An Estimate of Safe and Unsafely-Induced Abortion in Cambodia. 2009.

Fetters, T. and S.Vonthanak, C.Picardo, T.Rathavy. Abortion Related Complications in Cambodia. 2008. BJOG.

Guttmacher Institute, Unsafe Abortion in Zambia. 2009 Series, No. 3.

World Health Organization (DA Grimes et al). Unsafe Abortion: The Preventable Pandemic. October 2006.

Marie Stopes International. Glenda's story: Why we're fighting to prevent unsafe abortion in South Africa. September 1, 2011.`s_story~_Why_we`re_fighting_to_prevent_unsafe_abortion_in_South_Africa.aspx

Garenne, McCaa, Nacro. Maternal Mortality on South Africa: An Update from the 2007 Community Survey. June 29, 2009.

International Planned Parenthood Federation. Unsafe abortions: eight maternal deaths every hour. Oct. 19, 2009. [India]

Asian Pacific Resource and Research Center for Women. Malaysia: MDG 5: Improve Maternal Health. 2010.

Reproductive Rights Advocacy Alliance Malaysia. RRAAM Info Brief: Speaking Out on Malaysian Women's Access to Contraception and Abortion Services. 2010.

Asian-Pacific Resource & Research Center for Women. Advocating Accountability: Status Report on Maternal Health and Young People's Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in South Asia. 2008. [Nepal: Chapter 3]

Win, Hanna Ingber. GHI’s Missing Piece in Nepal: U.S. law prevents Global Health Initiative funding for abortion. Global Post. August 25, 2011.

Misoprostol / Mifepristone:

RJ Gomperts et al. Using telemedicine for termination of pregnancy with mifepristone and misoprostol in settings where there is no access to safe services. BJOG. Vol.115, Issue 9, pp 1171-1178.  

S. Miller et al. Misoprostol and declining abortion-related morbidity in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: a temporal association. BJOG. 29 Jun 2005. Vol. 112 Issue 9, pp 1291 – 1296.

A. Faúndes et al. Post-abortion complications after interruption of pregnancy with misoprostol. Advances in Contraception. March, 1996. Vol.12, No.1.